U1688 Tata OBD2 may also be triggered by faults earlier down the line. For example, a dirty MAF sensor might be causing the car to overcompensate in its fuel-trim adjustments. As a result, oxygen sensors are likely to report fuel mixture problems.
Some problems such as misfires and evaporative emission (EVAP) leaks can be very challenging to nail down. Misfires can be caused by ignition problems, fuel problems or compression problems. The underlying cause might be fouled spark plugs, bad plug wires, a weak ignition coil, dirty injectors, a shorted or open injector, low fuel pressure, a vacuum leak, a leaky head gasket, burned exhaust valve or a camshaft with a bad lobe.
The firing order is an important part of the overall design of the engine and is determined during the design of the engine to eliminate as much engine vibration as possible. If the firing order is changed or adjusted, the ignition from the spark plug is delivered at the wrong time and the engine functions poorly or does not run. The firing order for a particular engine is typically found in the repair manual specific to that model.
U1688 meaning and repair processes are the same for all Tata models.
U1688 Tata Trouble Repair Process:
The rule of U1688 Tata code when it comes to emissions-related vehicle repair is that any modification that changes the vehicle from a certified configuration to a non-certified configuration is considered tampering: this applies to both vehicle owners and repair facilities and is, therefore, a Federal offense. Replacing a catalyst with a straight pipe is one traditional example. Likewise, overriding the OBD 2 system through the use of high-tech defeat devices or non-certified computer chips, for example, would also be considered tampering. The OBD system may, however, be repaired back to its original certified configuration with certified performance chips or appropriate aftermarket parts.
u1688 is a very common fault code for the thermostat. If you have this fault it will need to be replaced. I would start with that repair, clear the faults and perform a 30 minute battery reset(disconnect the negative cable off of the battery) and retest the vehicle.